A young Louis XIV (right) with his younger brother, Philippe I, Duke of Orléans.
Empress Eugénie of France attending the investiture of her husband Napoleon III with the Order of the Garter, 18 April 1855. Portrait by Edward Matthew Ward (1816-79). The whole painting here.
Four queen consorts of France:
Maria Theresa, queen consort of Louis XIV
Marie Leszczynska, queen consort of Louis XV
Marie Antoinette, queen consort of Louis XVI
Marie-Joséphine-Louise, queen consort of Louis XVIII [titular queen]
Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette and their first son, Louis Joseph.
image: (C) Château de Versailles, Dist. RMN-Grand Palais / Christophe Fouin
The sisters of Louis XVI:
Marie Zéphyrine (26 August 1750 - 2 September 1755)
Marie Adélaïde Clotilde Xavière (23 September 1759 - 7 March 1802)
Élisabeth Philippine Marie Hélène de France (3 May 1764 - 10 May 1794)
images 2&3: (C) RMN-Grand Palais (Château de Versailles)/Daniel Arnaudet; (C) RMN-Grand Palais (Château de Versailles)/Gérard Blot
Marguerite de Valois (1553-1615) known as Queen Margot, was the youngest daughter of Henry II and Catherine de Medici. She was the first wife of Henry IV. She was an eccentric personality of considerable gifts and talent. She maintained a center of intellectual activity in Paris later in life. She and Henry shared little in common and their marriage was annulled in 1699. They remained on good terms the rest of their lives.
Her compassion, her kindness, and even her wit kept her at the center of a loyal circle of loved ones. Those who were still alive and had adored her when she was seventeen adored her when she was seventy; young people who had the opportunity to meet her were awed by her spirit.
She always remained active in her charity work, busy with guests, and was always hospitable to anyone who showed respect to the cause of the legitimists. Madame de La Ferronnays described Marie-Thérèse as having a heart that ‘was a treasure of indulgence.’ … She could be fun and enjoyed lighthearted moments with family and friends, where she displayed the side of her personality that, as a child, her mother had named ‘Mousseline.’
—Marie-Thérèse: The Fate of Marie Antoinette’s Daughter by Susan Nagel
Marie Therese Charlotte de France was born today, December 19th, in 1778 at the Palace of Versailles.She was the first child born to her parents, Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, eight years into their marriage.
She was known by the honourific of “Madame Royale”, which was the traditional title given to the eldest unmarried daughter of the King of France. She was later nicknamed Mousseline la Sérieuse by her mother, due to her serious nature.
Marie Therese would ultimately be their only surviving child, following the events of the French Revolution.
After the Revolution, she married her cousin Louis Antoine, the Duc D’Angouleme. She died in exile is Austria at the age of seventy two, only three days after the anniversary of her mother’s execution.
Cameo miniature of Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, and their second son, Louis Charles.