Gisela, Duchess in Bavaria, Archduchess of Austria. Mids 1890s.
Empress Zita and Emperor Karl I of Austria-Hungary
Archduchess Adelheid , Charlotte and Elisabeth of Austria
Archduchess Adelheid of Austria, eldest daughter of Kaiser Karl I . Early 1920s.
Crown Prince Rudolf and Crown Princess Stephanie of Austria
Prognathism is well recorded as a trait of several historical individuals. The most famous case is that of the House of Habsburg, among whom mandibular prognathism was a family trait; indeed, the condition is frequently called “Habsburg Jaw” as a result of its centuries-long association with the family. Among the Habsburgs, the most prominent case of mandibular prognathism is that of Charles II of Spain, who had prognathism so pronounced he could neither speak clearly nor chew as a result of generations of politically motivated inbreeding.
Princess Sophie von Hohenberg, eldest child of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, 1917
Archduke Franz Joseph of Austria with his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg and their three children, Sophie, Maximillian and Ernest.