The Danish Crown Regalia
→ The Queen’s Crown
The Queen’s crown was made for King Christian VI’s wife Queen Sophie Magdalene by court jeweler Frederik Fabritius in 1731. It was used until 1840. The table-cut stones is believed to originate from Queen Sophie Amalie’s crown from 1648.
The Queen’s crown was made for Sophie Magdalene because she refused to wear the former Queen’s crown, which the hated Queen Anna Sophie Reventlow, Frederick IV’s second wife, had worn.
→ Christian IV’s crown
Christian IV’s crown was made by Dirich Firing in Odense in 1595-96. It is made of gold with enamel, pearls and table-cut stones.
The figures on the crown’s big points shows the good ruler’s virtues. In the front, over the king’s forehead and repeated over the king’s ear, is a pelican who picks it’s chest to nourish it’s young - originally a symbol of Christ’s sacrificial death. On this case it is a symbol of the royal duty where the monarch with his blood has to defend his people. Above the king’s right hand Fortitudo, the rider on the lion, is a symbol of the king as a warlord, and above left hand Justitia, the woman with a sword and a weight, is a symbol of the king as a supreme judge. Above the king’s neck Caritas, the mother suckling child, a symbol of the king as head of the Church, his love for God and for his people.
Inside the crown’s point are the coats of arms of the king’s lands. The crown is open. even though fashion dictated a closed crown. The Nordic union kings, however, had always used open crowns, and by following his ancestors’s traditions, Christian IV marked that he was heir to a united North.
King Frederik III eventually closed the crown with red fabric.
→ Christian V’s crown
The crown was first used be King Christian V and last used by King Christian VIII and was made by Paul Kurtz in Copenhagen in 1670-71.
The crown is made of gold and decorated with flat, table-cut stones and enamel pieces. It’s rounded braces create a closed form inspired by the crown of the French king, Louis XIV, and symbolise the ruler’s absolute power. The crown’s braces meet at the top in a globe, or orb, which is a sign of power and dignity for monarchs. On top of the crown’s globe is a little cross, which in the symbolic language of the time showed that only the church stood above The Crown.
The crown is decorated with various gems in the form of intertwining rows of diamonds, sapphires, and garnets. Seen at the top of the cross is a so-called corundum, which is a sapphire with a stripe of ruby, and on the crown’s front is a square block of stone with Christian V’s monogram in gold thread. It is believed that the crown’s gems are reused from older jewellery. The sapphire on the crown’s front can be traced back to Frederik I and was presumably a gift to his father, Christian I, from the Duke of Milan in 1474.
The crown is still used at the death of any Danish monarch, where it is placed on the coffin during castrum doloris.
→ The sceptre
The sceptre made for Frederik III’s coronation by an unknown Copenhagen goldsmith. It is made of gold with enamel and table-cut diamonds
→ The Orb
The ball-shaped or globe-shaped orb is an old power symbol. The Danish version is a polished golden ball encircled by a diamond-studded, blue-enamelled gold band. The orb was produced in Hamburg for Frederik III’s coronation in 1648.
→ The Coronation Sword
The sword is made of gold with enamel, banquet and rose stone. It was used by the absolute monarchs and possibly by Frederik III. It was originally a wedding gift from Christian IV to Frederik III in 1643.
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